یارانه منصفانه سیستم فوتوولتاییک و باتری خانگی متصل به شبکه برق سراسری با توجه به پیک بار شبکه شهری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه انرژی‏های نو و محیط زیست، دانشکدۀ علوم و فنون نوین، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری گروه انرژی‏های نو و محیط زیست، دانشکدۀ علوم و فنون نوین، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد گروه انرژی‏های نو و محیط زیست، دانشکدۀ علوم و فنون نوین، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

این تحقیق به ارایه روشی در سایزینگ سیستم ترکیبی باتری و PV متصل به شبکه با هدف تامین بار مصرفی هنگام پیک بار شبکه و سپس برآورد هزینه و تعیین میزان یارانه منصفانه از جانب دولت می پردازد. سیستم های PV و باتری که امروزه در بسیاری از بخش های خانگی، اداری و تجاری مورد استفاده قرار می گیرند غالبا به شبکه برق سراسری متصل می باشند و سیستم PV و باتری به عنوان سیستم پشتیبان (Backup) در نظر گرفته می شود. مهم ترین کار کرد چنین سیستمی جدا از تامین برق به هنگام قطع شدن برق سراسری، به حداقل رساندن هزینه برق مصرفی از طریق کاهش مصرف برق در هنگام پیک بار شبکه است. از سوی دیگر کارکرد چنین سیستم هایی کم کردن میزان مصرف برق از شبکه سراسری و کم شدن فشار وارد بر شبکه می‌باشد. گام نخست برای نصب این سیستم ها بدست آوردن اندازه ظرفیت مناسب PV و باتری است به گونه‌ای که بار مصرفی بخش خانگی در هنگام پیک بار شبکه را تامین کند و از این طرق هزینه ها را به حداقل برساند. سپس هزینه سایز بهینه به دست آمده محاسبه می شود و با توجه به در نظر گرفتن دوره ی بازگشت سرمایه‌ی 4 ساله میزان یارانه ای که دولت باید در ازای نصب و راه اندازی این سیستم ها بپردازد محاسبه می شود. در این مقاله سعی شده با شبیه سازی بار مصرفی یک خانه مسکونی ظرفیت مناسب برای سیستم PV و باتری به منظور برآورده کردن نتیجه مذکور به دست آید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The fair subsidy of the domestic PV/Battery on-grid system according to the peak load of the city grid

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Hossein Jahangir 1
  • Ashkan Toopshekan 2
  • Arash Kargarzadeh 3
1 Asssociate Professor, Department of renewable energies and environment, University of Tehran, Iran
2 PhD Candidate, Department of renewable energies and environment, University of Tehran, Iran
3 Master of Science student, Department of renewable energies and environment, University of Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research presents a method in sizing a combined on-grid battery and PV system with the aim of providing the needs during the peak load of the network and then estimating the cost and determining the amount of fair subsidies from the government. PV and battery systems that are used in many home, office and commercial sectors today are often connected to the national grid and PV and battery systems are considered as backup systems. The important function of such a system, apart from supplying electricity in the event of a nationwide power outage, is to minimize the cost of electricity consumption by reducing the power consumption during the peak. On the other hand, the function of such systems is to reduce the amount of electricity consumption from the network and reduce the pressure on the network. The first step in installing these systems is to obtain the right size for PV and batteries so that the household load is consumed during the peak and thus minimizes the costs. Then, the cost of the optimal size is calculated, and according to the 4-year return on investment period, the amount of subsidy that the government has to pay for the installation of these systems is calculated. In this paper, we try to simulate the consumption load of a residential house to obtain the appropriate capacity for the PV system and batteries in order to meet the mentioned result.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Renewable Energy
  • Sizing
  • PV system and battery
  • Grid peak load
[1] Hosseini SH, Ghaderi SF, Shakouri GH. An investigation on the main influencing dynamics in renewable energy development: A systems approach. In2012 Second Iranian Conference on Renewable Energy and Distributed Generation 2012 Mar 6 (pp. 92-97). IEEE.
[2] Elhadidy MA, Shaahid SM. Parametric study of hybrid (wind+ solar+ diesel) power generating systems. Renewable energy. 2000 Oct 1;21(2):129-39.
[3] Bhave AG. Hybrid solar–wind domestic power generating system—a case study. Renewable energy. 1999 Jul 1;17(3):355-8.
[4] Beyer HG, Langer C. A method for the identification of configurations of PV/wind hybrid systems for the reliable supply of small loads. Solar energy. 1996 Nov 1;57(5):381-91.
[5] Gansler RA, Klein SA, Beckman WA. Assessment of the accuracy of generated meteorological data for use in solar energy simulation studies. Solar Energy. 1994 Sep 1;53(3):279-87.
[6] Wahab MA, Essa KS. Extrapolation of solar irradiation measurements: case study over Egypt. Renewable energy. 1998 May 1;14(1-4):229-39.
[7] Gordon JM, Reddy TA. Time series analysis of hourly global horizontal solar radiation. Solar Energy. 1988 Jan 1;41(5):423-9.
[8] Chen SG. An efficient sizing method for a stand-alone PV system in terms of the observed block extremes. Applied energy. 2012 Mar 1;91(1):375-84.
[9] Agbossou K, Kolhe M, Hamelin J, Bose TK. Performance of a stand-alone renewable energy system based on energy storage as hydrogen. IEEE Transactions on energy Conversion. 2004 Aug 24;19(3):633-40.
[10] Ekren O, Canbaz CH, Güvel ÇB. Sizing of a solar-wind hybrid electric vehicle charging station by using HOMER software. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2021 Jan 10;279:123615.
[11] Zhang G, Xiao C, Razmjooy N. Optimal operational strategy of hybrid PV/wind renewable energy system using homer: a case study. International Journal of Ambient Energy. 2020 Dec 29:1-4.
[12] Ali G, Aly HH, Little T. Using HOMER software to investigate, size and apply renewable energy sources in a convention center in Sabratha, Libya. In2021 International Conference on Electrical, Communication, and Computer Engineering (ICECCE) 2021 Jun 12 (pp. 1-6). IEEE.
[13] Vendoti S, Muralidhar M, Kiranmayi R. Techno-economic analysis of off-grid solar/wind/biogas/biomass/fuel cell/battery system for electrification in a cluster of villages by HOMER software. Environment, Development and Sustainability. 2021 Jan;23(1):351-72.
[14] Sanjay KC, Karthikeyan M, Prasannakumaran KM, Kirubakaran V. Techno commercial study of hybrid systems for the agriculture farm using homer software. Hybrid Renewable Energy Systems. 2021 Mar 11:115-33.
[15] Sood PK, Lipo TA, Hansen IG. A versatile power converter for high frequency link systems. In1987 2nd IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition 1987 Mar 2 (pp. 249-256). IEEE.
[16] Nehrir MH, Wang C, Strunz K, Aki H, Ramakumar R, Bing J, Miao Z, Salameh Z. A review of hybrid renewable/alternative energy systems for electric power generation: Configurations, control, and applications. IEEE transactions on sustainable energy. 2011 May 27;2(4):392-403.
[17] Kahraman C, Kaya İ, Cebi S. A comparative analysis for multiattribute selection among renewable energy alternatives using fuzzy axiomatic design and fuzzy analytic hierarchy process. Energy. 2009 Oct 1;34(10):1603-16.
[18] Beccali M, Cellura M, Mistretta M. Decision-making in energy planning. Application of the Electre method at regional level for the diffusion of renewable energy technology. Renewable energy. 2003 Oct 1;28(13):2063-87.
[19] Goletsis Y, Psarras J, Samouilidis JE. Project ranking in the Armenian energy sector using a multicriteria method for groups. Annals of operations research. 2003 Apr;120(1):135-57.
[20] Kasaeian A, Rahdan P, Rad MA, Yan WM. Optimal design and technical analysis of a grid-connected hybrid photovoltaic/diesel/biogas under different economic conditions: A case study. Energy Conversion and Management. 2019 Oct 15;198:111810.
[21] Jahangir MH, Javanshir F, Kargarzadeh A. Economic analysis and optimal design of hydrogen/diesel backup system to improve energy hubs providing the demands of sport complexes. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2021 Apr 19;46(27):14109-29.
[22] Taghavifar H, Zomorodian ZS. Techno-economic viability of on grid micro-hybrid PV/wind/Gen system for an educational building in Iran. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2021 Jun 1;143:110877.
[23] Arasteh MA, Farjami Y. New Hydro-economic System Dynamics and Agent-based Modeling for Sustainable Urban Groundwater Management: A Case Study of Dehno, Yazd Province, Iran. Sustainable Cities and Society. 2021 Jun 10:103078.
[24] Ahmadi S, Abdi S. Application of the Hybrid Big Bang–Big Crunch algorithm for optimal sizing of a stand-alone hybrid PV/wind/battery system. Solar Energy. 2016 Sep 1;134:366-74.