تحلیل هزینه – فایده اجتماعی تعویض مبدل‌های کاتالیستی غیرفعال در خودروهای سبک شهر تهران برای کاهش آلودگی هوا

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در این مطالعه به تحلیل هزینه – فایده اجتماعی به کارگیری یکی از کاربردی‌ترین روش‌ها در کاهش انتشار آلاینده‌های گازی یعنی تعویض مبدل‌های کاتالیستی غیرفعال در خودروهای سبک شهر تهران پرداخته شده است. برای این منظور، هزینه تعویض مبدل‌ها، تمایلبهپرداخت ساکنان شهر تهران برای کاهش آلودگی هوا و منافع حاصل از کاهش انتشار آلودگی در سال ۱۳۹۹ مورد‌بررسی قرار گرفته است. دادههای مورد نیاز از طریق مطالعات میدانی و تکمیل پرسشنامه به‌ دست آمد. بر اساس نتایج به‌‌دستآمده، مجموع هزینه‌های مرتبط با تعویض مبدل کاتالیستی برای یک دوره برابر با ۴۹۸۳۴ میلیارد ریال، ارزش تمایل به پرداخت سالانه شهروندان تهرانی با استفاده از روش ارزش‌گذاری مشروط معادل ۳۱۸۳۴ میلیارد ریال و منفعت سالانه حاصل از کاهش انتشار نیز ۸۹۸۷ میلیارد ریال برآورد شده است. بر این اساس و با توجه به دوره بررسی 20 ساله و مفرضات مدل اقتصادی، تعویض مبدلهای کاتالیستی در سناریوهای مختلف دارای توجیه اقتصادی است. لذا پیشنهاد می‌شود نهادهای مدیریت شهری با در نظر گرفتن منافع ایجادشده، زمینه تامین منابع مالی و تعویض این قطعه را در جهت کاهش آلودگی هوای شهر تهران مورد پیگیری قرار دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Social Cost-Benefit Analysis of Replacing defective Catalytic Converters in Tehran's Light Vehicles to Reduce Air Pollution

نویسندگان [English]

  • morteza tahami pour zarandi 1
  • mina moghise 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 Master’s student in Economics, Faculty of Economics and Political Science, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

In this regard, in this study, we used a social cost-benefit analysis to examine one of the most practical methods in reducing the emission of gaseous pollutants, namely the replacement of defective catalytic converters in light vehicles in Tehran. For this purpose, the cost of replacing the converters, willingness to pay for the residents of Tehran to reduce air pollution, and the benefits of reducing pollution have been examined in 2020. The required data was obtained through field studies and filling out questionnaires. According to the results, the total cost associated with replacing catalytic converters for a period is equal to 49834 billion Rials. The annual value of willingness to pay for the citizens of Tehran using the conditional valuation method is equivalent to 31834 billion Rials, and the annual benefit of reducing emissions is 8987 billion Rials. Considering the 20-years review period and the assumptions of the economic model, replacing catalytic converters in different scenarios has financial justification. Therefore, we suggest that urban management institutions, considering the benefits created, pursue financing and replace this part to reduce air pollution in Tehran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Air pollution
  • catalytic converters
  • Conditional valuation method
  • Light Vehicles
  • Tehran
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دوره 3، شماره 1
اردیبهشت 1401
صفحه 104-120
  • تاریخ دریافت: 23 آذر 1400
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 12 اسفند 1400
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 27 فروردین 1401
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 27 فروردین 1401