بررسی و تحلیل فضاهای بی‌دفاع شهری با رویکرد آمایش (مطالعه موردی: منطقه 9 شهر تهران)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری جغرافیا و برنامه‏ ریزی شهری‏، گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگار امام خمینی‏ (ره) شهرری، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه جغرافیا و برنامه ریزی شهری ، گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگار امام خمینی (ره) شهر ری (نویسنده مسئول)، تهران، ایران

3 استاد گروه جغرافیا و برنامه‏ ریزی شهری، گروه جغرافیا، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد یادگار امام خمینی‏(ره) شهرری، تهران، ایران

چکیده

فضاهای بی‌دفاع تأثیرات مختلفی بر فضاهای شهری و زندگی شهروندان می‌گذارند که تأثیر بر افزایش جرائم و کاهش احساس امنیت شهروندان مهم ترین تأثیرات آن می‌باشد. شناسایی و بررسی نقش فضاهای بی‌دفاع شهری در وقوع جرم با تأکید بر منطقه 9 شهر تهران پرداخته شده است .روش تحقیق مبتنی بر مطالعات کتابخانه‌ای، اسنادی و میدانی براساس فرمول کوکران تعداد 150 نفر به عنوان جامعه نمونه مشخص شد. تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات به وسیله نرم‌افزار SPSS و مدل وایکور انجام گرفت. معیارهای ناهنجاری اجتماعی، کمبود امکانات روشنایی و آلودگی نیز به ترتیب رتبه‌های اول تا سوم را کسب کرده‌اند. معیار ناهنجاری اجتماعی با وزن 2752/0 بیشترین وزن را کسب کرده بنابراین از اهمیت بیشتری نسبت به سایر معیارها برخوردار است. رتبه‌بندی براساس شاخص ویکور نشان داد محله استاد معین بهترین وضعیت را در بین سایر محله های منطقه 9 دارد. ناهنجاری اجتماعی با بتای 398/0 بالاترین تأثیر را بر کیفیت فضایی نسبت به کاربری‌های نامناسب و کمبود فضای تفریحی داشته است. مجموع متغیرهای بکار رفته (کیفیت فضایی و کیفیت اجتماعی و روان شناختی) 1/55% از واریانس فضای بی دفاع شهری را پیش بینی می‌کند. کیفیت فضایی، اجتماعی و روان شناختی در سطح (01/0<α)، قادر به پیش‌بینی فضای بی دفاع شهری منطقه 9 شهرداری تهران می‌باشند. ناامنی و نامطلوبیت محله منطقه 9 شهر تهران از حیث فضاهای بی‌دفاع و برخورداری این فضاها از چندین شاخص است. نبود برنامه مشخص از سوی سازمان‌های مرتبط برای چنین فضاهایی، چیزی جز تشدید خشونت، ناامنی، افزایش نرخ بزهکاری و خروج جمعیت بومی محله به همراه ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating and analyzing defenseless urban spaces with a research approach (Case study: District 9 of Tehran)

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohsen ghozatlo 1
  • parvaneh zivyar 2
  • alireza estelaji 3
1 Ph.D student in Geography and Urban Planning, Department of Geography, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre – Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Department of Geography, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre - Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 Professor of Geography and Urban Planning, Department of Geography, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre – Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The research method based on library, documentary and field studies based on Cochran's formula, the number of 150 people was determined as a sample population. Data analysis was done by SPSS software and Vaikor model. The criteria of social abnormality, lack of lighting facilities and pollution have also won the first to third ranks respectively. The criterion of social abnormality has gained the most weight with a weight of 0.2752, so it is more important than other criteria. Ranking based on Vicor index showed that Ostad Moin neighborhood has the best situation among other neighborhoods in Region 9. Social anomaly with a beta of 0.398 has had the highest impact on spatial quality compared to inappropriate uses and lack of recreational space. The sum of the used variables (spatial quality and social and psychological quality) predicts 55.1% of the variance of the defenseless urban space. Spatial, social and psychological quality at the level of (α < 0.01) are able to predict the defenseless urban space of District 9 of Tehran Municipality. The insecurity and unfavorability of the neighborhood of the 9th district of Tehran city in terms of defenseless spaces and the availability of these spaces have several indicators. The absence of a specific plan from related organizations for such spaces brings nothing but the escalation of violence, insecurity, increase in crime rates and the departure of the native population of the neighborhood.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Security
  • urban space
  • defenseless points
  • aim approach
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